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This was one of the best trips I’ve ever taken thanks to Puma Expeditions!! My husband and I traveled with a group of 9 total on our trip to Cusco, our main guide Jorge was excellent leader for the group! It was a trip filled with education and exploration. Our guide for our 2 days Machu Picchu adventure was Miguel. He was extremely knowledgeable and passionate about the Inca history.

Thanks to everyone at Puma Expeditions for the trip of a lifetime!!

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Dan  & Nathalie
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We are Tour Operator We Recycle

As in other parts of the Amazon forests of South America, the native communities of Peru have increased in population and are constantly more attracted to the “modern” style of life. The promise of a utopian modern life of pleasure and ease creates a situation where poor decisions are often made, forfeiting land, their customs and traditions and even their native language as they try to accommodate to modern life. Often these people find themselves living in Inner cities without connection to their past, their communities, native environment or a sense of their cultural identity leaving them susceptible to crime and substance abuse.

Our goal is to establish pride of their heritage in the hearts of the native people, for these individuals to see themselves as valuable and their cultures as unique and precious. This program helps these native communities recapture the customs and traditions that their people have maintained for centuries. Video documentation is used to display and teach native dances, stories and myths, the processes of producing ceramics and handcrafts using traditional techniques and natural resources. These techniques are taught allowing the people to identify and find connection with their culture, and also allowing them to produce and sell native crafts. Our program allows the native people to understand and preserve the beauty of their cultural traditions and share this beauty with the rest of the world.

One of our greatest goals is to allow the native communities to create revenue from sustainable resources. Working to grow and harvest fruits, nuts, chocolate and medicinal herbs, managing the reforestation project, selling crafts and products made from sustainable resources and promoting eco-tourism and rainforest study to share their world with others while sustaining themselves. Our desire is not to keep the native communities from growing in education, services and connection with the world, but to help them do so while retaining cultural dignity and environmental integrity, learning from mistakes of the past, not repeating them.

History and People

The rainforest of Peru is home for a hundred communities native People, for several centauries their ancestor relied exclusively from the amazon rainforest in different aspect, food, clothing, medicine, etc. one important contact with outsiders was the Andes people for centauries they traded wood, cotton, coca leaves, feathers, herbal medicinal, in exchange for metal tools. But today's, change most of this communities has contact with outside world- In the late 19th centaury the reason that attracted outside people to the Amazon Rainforest was the latex from wild rubber tree, "cahuchu" (weeping wood) because the drop of latex form the bark of big white tears.
In 1839 the vulcanization (the process to make rubber) has created great demand for rubber by manufacturers both in the U.S and Europe, this demand brought Rubber hunters from all over the world upper of the Amazon in search of rubber tree and their fortunes.

Forcing to thousands of local natives people to collect latex for to increase their profits. In 1860 there were an estimated 50.000 native people, by the early 1900s there were less 10.000 still living. Fortunately the Amazon Rubber boom died shortly after 1910 when rubber plantations in the far East began producing an abundant and less expensive supply of rubber for the world market. In 1950s. the rubber exploitation was replace by the haciendas (farmers, growing coffee and cacao plantations) working for this landowners gave the rainforest people some protection from outsiders, because the were enable to do accounts, the were in debt all time. For more information please visit: https://www.sil.org/  Summer  Institute of Linguistic.

Language Family groups

Arawakan Language


Yanesha (Amuesha)
Pajonal Asheninca
Yani (piro)
Mashco Piro

Support the Rainforest Communities to Recover their Traditions

Small Language

Small Language families

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Yani Piros